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Photovoltaic thermal building skin: effect of condensing and evaporating temperature on flow rate and heat transfer

Ahmad Riaz (Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China and University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan)
Chao Zhou (Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China)
Ruobing Liang (Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China)
Jili Zhang (Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 28 December 2020

Issue publication date: 24 May 2021

154

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present a numerical study on the natural convection, which operates either as an evaporator or condenser unit of the heat pump system to pre-cool and pre-heat the ambient fresh air.

Design/methodology/approach

This study focuses on natural air cooling or heating within the air channel considering the double skin configuration. Particular focus is given to the analysis of airflow and the heat transfer processes in an air channel to cool or heat the ambient fresh air. In this study, the physical model consists of one wall, either heated uniformly or cooled uniformly, whereas the other wall is adiabatic.

Findings

The results show that the variation of both velocity and temperature is observed as the flow transition occurs at the evaporator or condenser wall. In either case, the temperature rises in the range of 6.3–8.4°C with an increase in mass flow rate from 0.07–0.08 kg/s in the photovoltaic thermal condenser part, while in the photovoltaic thermal evaporator part, the change in mass flow rate from 0.048–0.061 kg/s causes a decrease in temperature from 7.1–4.5°C.

Practical implications

The solar-assisted photovoltaic thermal heat pump system, in building façade having an air layer application, is feasible for pre-heating and pre-cooling the ambient fresh air and also reduces the energy needed to treat the fresh air.

Originality/value

The influence of condensing and evaporating temperature under natural convection mode in double skin conformation is considered for pre-heating and pre-cooling of ambient fresh air.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This research was carried out under the research funding provided by the National Key Research and Development Project of China (2017YFC0704202).

Citation

Riaz, A., Zhou, C., Liang, R. and Zhang, J. (2021), "Photovoltaic thermal building skin: effect of condensing and evaporating temperature on flow rate and heat transfer", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 31 No. 6, pp. 1816-1836. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-04-2020-0230

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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