Numerical investigation of the condensation flow characteristics and modification optimization of a condensing steam turbine cascade

Xu Han (Key Lab of Condition Monitoring and Control for Power Plant Equipment, North China Electric Power University, Baoding, China)
Wei Zeng (North China Electric Power University, Baoding, China)
Zhonghe Han (North China Electric Power University, Baoding, China)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Publication date: 24 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to improved the efficiency of condensing steam turbines by legitimately reforming the flow structure. It is of great significance to study the condensation flow characteristics of wet steam for optimizing the operation of condensing steam turbines.

Design/methodology/approach

A two-fluid model was used to study the wet steam flow in a stator cascade. The effects of the inlet temperature and pressure drop on the cascade performance were analyzed. On this basis, endwall protrusion models were set up at varied axial position on the pressure surface to evaluate the wetness control and loss under different design conditions for cascade optimization.

Findings

The analysis indicates that increasing the inlet temperature or decreasing the pressure drop can effectively control the steam wetness but increase the droplet radius. The increasing inlet temperature can delay the condensation and alleviate the deterioration of the aerodynamic performance of cascades. The non-axisymmetric endwall can significantly affect the distribution of steam parameters below its height and slightly reduce the droplet radius. Compared with the original stator cascade, the optimum design conditions reduce the steam wetness by 8.07 per cent and the total pressure loss by 6.91 per cent below a 20 per cent blade height.

Originality/value

These research results can serve as a reference for condensing steam turbine wetness losses evaluation and flow passage optimization design.

Keywords

Citation

Han, X., Zeng, W. and Han, Z. (2019), "Numerical investigation of the condensation flow characteristics and modification optimization of a condensing steam turbine cascade", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-03-2019-0269

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Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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