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Application of different numerical models capable to simulate combustion of alternative fuels in internal combustion engine

Wojciech Piotr Adamczyk (Institute of Thermal Technology, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland)
Grzegorz Kruczek (Department of Energy and Environmental Engineering, Politechnika Slaska, Gliwice, Poland)
Ryszard Bialecki (Institute of Thermal Technology, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland)
Grzegorz Przybyła (Department of Energy and Environmental Engineering, Politechnika Slaska, Gliwice, Poland)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 29 August 2019

Issue publication date: 30 April 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The internal combustion engine operated on gaseous fuels shows great potential in terms of integration of the renewable and traditional sources for an effective solution for clean energy production challenge. Different fuel mixtures that can be used to power the engine are characterized by various combustion properties, which can affect its overall efficiency. The purpose of this paper is to provide reasonable answer, how the operation condition can change due to different fuel, without enormous cost of prototyping processes using physical models a digital model can be seen as promising technique.

Design/methodology/approach

Presented work discusses the application, and extensive description of two commercial codes Ansys Fluent and Forte for modeling stationary engine fueled by compressed natural gas (CNG) and biogas. To check the model accuracy, all carried out numerical results were compared against experimental data collected at in-house test rig of single cylinder four stroke engine. The impacts of tested gaseous fuel on the engine working conditions and emission levels were investigated.

Findings

Carried out simulations showed good agreement with experimental data for investigated cases. Application on numerical models give possibility to visualize flame front propagation and pollutant formation for tested fuels. The biogas fuel has shown the impaired early flame phase, which led to longer combustion, lower efficiency, power output, repeatability and in some cases higher HC and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions as a result of combustion during the exhaust stroke. Looking at the CO formation it was observed that it instantly accrue with flame front propagation as a result of methane oxidation, while for NOx formation revers effect was seen.

Originality/value

The application of new approach for modeling combustion process in stationary engines fueled by CNG and alternative biogas fuel has been discussed. The cons and pros of the Forte code in terms of its application for engine prototaping process has been discussed.

Keywords

Citation

Adamczyk, W.P., Kruczek, G., Bialecki, R. and Przybyła, G. (2020), "Application of different numerical models capable to simulate combustion of alternative fuels in internal combustion engine", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 30 No. 5, pp. 2517-2534. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-03-2019-0268

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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