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Extension of the boundary integral method for different boundary conditions in steady-state Stokes flows

Sandipan Kumar Das (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (ISM) Dhanbad, Dhanbad, India)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 25 May 2022

Issue publication date: 3 January 2023

61

Abstract

Purpose

The boundary integral method (BIM) provides unparalleled computational efficiency for solving problems wherever it is applicable. For Stokes flows, the BIM in its current form can only be applied to a limited class of problems that generally comprises boundaries with either specified velocity or stress. This study aims to radically extend the applicability by developing a general method within the BIM framework that can handle periodic, symmetry, zero normal-velocity gradient and the specified pressure boundary conditions. This study is limited in scope to steady-state flows.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed method introduces a set of points near the boundary for the symmetry, zero normal-velocity gradient and specified pressure boundary conditions. The formulation for the first two boundary conditions use a spatial discretization procedure within the BIM framework to arrive at a set of equations for the unknowns. The specified pressure boundary condition warrants the decomposition of the unknown traction term into simpler components before the discretization procedure can be executed. Though the new methodology is illustrated in detail for two-dimensional rectangular domains, it can be generalized to more complex three-dimensional cases. This will be the subject for future investigations.

Findings

The current endeavor has successfully demonstrated the incorporation of the above boundary conditions through simple Stokes flow problems like plane channel flow, flow through ribbed duct and plane wall jet. The predicted results matched adequately with either analytical solutions or with available literature data.

Originality/value

To the best of the author’s knowledge, this is the first time that the exit boundary conditions like zero normal-velocity gradient and specified pressure have been formulated within the BIM for Stokes flows. These boundary conditions are extremely powerful and the current research initiative has the potential to dramatically increase the range of applicability of the BIM for Stokes flow simulations.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The author would like to acknowledge Indian Institute of Technology Dhanbad for financial support.

Citation

Das, S.K. (2023), "Extension of the boundary integral method for different boundary conditions in steady-state Stokes flows", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 33 No. 1, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-02-2022-0088

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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