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Impact of nano-particles shapes on Al2O3-water nano-fluid flow due to a stretching cylinder

Sajjad Haider (College of Applied Science, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, China)
Adnan Saeed Butt (Department of Mathematics, Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan)
Imran Syed Muhammad (Department of Mathematics, Govt Post Graduate Gordon College, Rawalpindi, Pakistan)
Asif Ali (Department of Mathematics, Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan)
Yun-Zhang Li (College of Applied Science, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, China)
Syed Muhammad Ali Naqvi (Preston University, Islamabad, Pakistan)
Muhammad Adnan Qaiser (School of Material Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing, China)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 29 August 2019

Issue publication date: 30 April 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to theoretically probe the shape impacts of nano-particle on boundary layer flow of nano-fluid toward a stretching cylinder with heat-transmission effects. The base fluid used for this study is pure water, and aluminum oxide nano-particles are suspended in it. Four different shapes of nano-particle, namely, cylindrical, brick, platelets and blades, are considered to carry out the study.

Design/methodology/approach

The problem is modelled mathematically and the nonlinear system of equations is attained by using appropriate transmutations. The solution of transmuted equations is achieved by utilizing a shooting technique with Fourth-Fifth order Runge–Kutta Fehlberg scheme. Numerically attained results are elucidated through graphs and tables which are further compared under limiting cases with existing literature to check the validity of the results.

Findings

It is observed that fluid velocity and temperature of cylindrical shaped water nano-fluids are more than the nano-fluid having brick-shaped nano-particles. Moreover, it is seen that the nano-fluids suspended with platelets-shaped nano-particles have higher velocity and temperature than the nano-fluids containing blade-shaped nano-particles. The curvature parameter and nano-particles volume fraction have increasing effects on flow velocity and temperature of nano-fluids containing all types of nano-particle shapes.

Originality/value

Numerous authors have examined the impacts of nano-particle shapes on characteristics of heat transfer and fluid flow. However, to the best of the authors’ knowledge, the shape impacts of nano-particles on boundary layer flow of nano-fluid toward a stretching cylinder with heat-transmission effects have not been discussed. So, to fulfill this gap, the present paper explicates the impacts of various nano-particle shapes on Al2O3–water-based nano-fluid flow past a stretching cylinder with heat-transfer effects.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work received funding from the National Natural Science Foundation of China, Grant/Award Number 11271037. The authors are grateful to Dr Bushra Khan for grammar and punctuation checks.

Declaration of conflicting interests: The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship and/or publication of this article.

Citation

Haider, S., Butt, A.S., Syed Muhammad, I., Ali, A., Li, Y.-Z., Naqvi, S.M.A. and Qaiser, M.A. (2020), "Impact of nano-particles shapes on Al2O3-water nano-fluid flow due to a stretching cylinder", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 30 No. 5, pp. 2809-2832. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-02-2019-0113

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited