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Unsteady general solution for MHD natural convection flow with radiative effects, heat source and shear stress on the boundary

Constantin Fetecau (Department of Mathematics, Technical University of Iasi, Iasi, Romania and Academy of Romanian Scientists, Bucuresti, Romania)
Shahraz Akhtar (Abdus Salam School of Mathematical Sciences, GC University, Lahore, Pakistan)
Ioan Pop (Department of Applied Mathematics, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj, Romania)
Corina Fetecau (Department of Theoretical Mechanics, Technical University of Iasi, Iasi, Romania)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 5 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this note is to provide general solutions for radiative magnetohydrodynamic natural convection flow.

Design/methodology/approach

To obtain exact solutions for such motions of Newtonian fluids, as seen in the existing literature, the Laplace transform technique is used.

Findings

General solutions are obtained for temperature, velocity and Nusselt number in the presence of heat source and shear stress on the boundary. They can generate exact solutions for any motion with technical relevance of this type. Fluid velocity is presented as the sum of mechanical and thermal components. Influence of physical parameters on temperature and velocity is graphically underlined for ramp-type heating plate that applies a constantly accelerating shear stress to the fluid. Thermal and mechanical effects are significant and must be taken into consideration.

Practical implications

For illustration, as well as for a check of results, three special cases with applications in engineering are considered and some known results are recovered.

Originality/value

Obtained solutions are presented in the simplest forms. In addition, the solutions corresponding to cosine oscillatory heating and oscillating shear are presented so that they can be immediately reduced to those corresponding to constant heating and uniform shear if the oscillations’ frequency becomes zero. Heat transfer characteristics with thermal radiation are graphically illustrated using one parameter only for such motions.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to express their gratitude and sincere thanks to referees for their careful assessment and fruitful comments and suggestions regarding the initial form of this work. S. Akhtar is highly thankful to the Abdus Salam School of Mathematical Sciences, GC University, Lahore, and Higher Education Commission of Pakistan for generously supporting and facilitating this research work.

Citation

Fetecau, C., Akhtar, S., Pop, I. and Fetecau, C. (2017), "Unsteady general solution for MHD natural convection flow with radiative effects, heat source and shear stress on the boundary", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 27 No. 6, pp. 1266-1281. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-02-2016-0069

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited