This paper aims to discuss the salient aspects of the Darcy–Forchheimer flow of viscous liquid in carbon nanotubes (CNTs). CNTs are considered as nanofluid, and water is taken as the continuous phase liquid. The flow features are discussed via curved surface. Water is taken as the base liquid. Flow is generated via nonlinear stretching. Energy expression is modeled subject to heat generation/absorption. Furthermore, convective conditions are considered at the boundary. The Xue model is used in the mathematical modeling which describes the features of nanomaterials. Both types of CNTs are considered, i.e. single-walled CNTs and multi-walled CNTs.
Appropriate transformations are used to convert the flow expressions into dimensionless differential equations. The bvp4c method is used for solution development.
Velocity enhances via higher estimations of nanoparticles volume fraction while decays for higher Forchheimer number, curvature parameter, behavior index and porosity parameter. Furthermore, thermal field is an increasing function of nanoparticle volume fraction, behavior index, Forchheimer number and porosity parameter.
Here, the authors have discussed two-dimensional CNTs-based nanomaterial Darcy–Forchheimer flow of viscous fluid over a curved surface. The authors believe that all the outcomes and numerical techniques are original and have not been published elsewhere.
Khan, M.I., Muhammad, K., Hayat, T., Farooq, S. and Alsaedi, A. (2019), "Numerical simulation for Darcy-Forchheimer flow of carbon nanotubes due to convectively heated nonlinear curved stretching surface", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 29 No. 9, pp. 3290-3304. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-01-2019-0016
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