Gravitational effects on electroosmotic flow in micro heat pipes

Fun Liang Chang (School of Engineering, Monash University Malaysia, Bandar Sunway, Malaysia)
Yew Mun Hung (School of Engineering, Monash University Malaysia, Bandar Sunway, Malaysia)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Publication date: 17 July 2019

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the coupled effects of electrohydrodynamic and gravity forces on the circulation effectiveness of working fluid in an inclined micro heat pipe driven by electroosmotic flow. The effects of the three competing forces, namely, the capillary, the gravitational and the electrohydrodyanamic forces, on the circulation effectiveness of a micro heat pipe are compared and delineated.

Design/methodology/approach

The numerical model is developed based on the conservations of mass, momentum and energy with the incorporation of the Young–Laplace equation for electroosmotic flow in an inclined micro heat pipe incorporating the gravity effects.

Findings

By inducing electroosmotic flow in a micro heat pipe, a significant increase in heat transport capacity can be attained at a reasonably low applied voltage, leading to a small temperature drop and a high thermal conductance. However, the favorably applied gravity forces pull the liquid toward the evaporator section where the onset of flooding occurs within the condenser section, generating a throat that shrinks the vapor flow passage and may lead to a complete failure on the operation of micro heat pipe. Therefore, the balance between the electrohydrodyanamic and the gravitational forces is of vital importance.

Originality/value

This study provides a detailed insight into the gravitational and electroosmotic effects on the thermal performance of an inclined micro heat pipe driven by electroosmotic flow and paves the way for the feasible practical application of electrohydrodynamic forces in a micro-scale two-phase cooling device.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The corresponding author wishes to acknowledge the support of the Ministry of Education, Malaysia, extended through the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS/1/2018/STG02/MUSM/02/3).

Citation

Chang, F.L. and Hung, Y.M. (2019), "Gravitational effects on electroosmotic flow in micro heat pipes", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 30 No. 2, pp. 535-556. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-01-2019-0008

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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