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Preparing the youth for the future of work through apprenticeship programme in Brunei

Siti Fatimahwati Pehin Dato Musa (UBD School of Business and Economics, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Gadong, Brunei Darussalam)

Higher Education, Skills and Work-Based Learning

ISSN: 2042-3896

Article publication date: 22 November 2022

Issue publication date: 8 March 2023




This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the government-incentivised i-Ready programme in alleviating youth unemployment in terms of the transition from education to the labour force market.


Focus group discussions are conducted to reveal the perceptions and experiences of the apprentices in the i-Ready programme. The SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) analysis framework is used to evaluate the effectiveness of the i-Ready apprenticeship model in building a future-ready human capital.


The study found that the JobCentre agency utilises online recruitment technology and proactively promotes work-based training in the public and private sectors. However, the apprenticeship still needs to improve programme coordination and provide an inclusive regulatory framework. The study also discovered that internships could enhance in-demand skills training and establish apprentices as a crisis-recovery workforce.

Research limitations/implications

The findings are based on a small-scale focus group study and represent the current state of the i-Ready programme. Future research integrating data from multiple stakeholders is recommended to provide a more thorough picture.

Practical implications

In terms of efficacy, the findings indicate that i-Ready has made significant contributions to local employment and, with certain modifications, is on the correct route to producing future-ready youth.


To date, there has been no research on the effectiveness of the national i-Ready programme system as a strategy that may help alleviate Brunei's youth unemployment crisis.



Musa, S.F.P.D. (2023), "Preparing the youth for the future of work through apprenticeship programme in Brunei", Higher Education, Skills and Work-Based Learning, Vol. 13 No. 1, pp. 113-130.



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