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A bibliometric review of research on employability: dataset from Scopus between 1972 and 2019

Ngoan Thi Dinh (Faculty of Business English, Foreign Trade University, Hanoi, Vietnam)
Luong Dinh Hai (The Vietnam National Institute of Educational Sciences, Hanoi, Vietnam)
Hiep-Hung Pham (Center for Research and Practice on Education, Phu Xuan University, Hue, Vietnam) (Reduvation Research Group, Thanh Do University, Hanoi, Vietnam)

Higher Education, Skills and Work-Based Learning

ISSN: 2042-3896

Article publication date: 8 July 2022

Issue publication date: 8 March 2023




Employability has long been a concern of scholars because of its complicated nature and changes in the requirements in labor markets to meet the new requirements of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 and globalization. However, there has not yet been much systematic investigation of the existing literature tracing the trends, changes and developments in employability research. This paper aims to fill this void by analyzing data obtained from the Scopus dataset from 1972 to 2019.


A total of 1,703 Scopus-indexed articles were filtered from 7,885 documents. The results reflect a rapidly emerging literature on employability, given the worldwide interest in this topic. Using descriptive statistics and bibliometric analyses, the review identified trends in employability research, whose impact has been sustained for several decades.


With science mapping, the conceptual structure of scientific disciplines was visualized, highlighting three main schools of thought including employers’ requirements and higher education institutions’ preparation; the antecedents of employability; and the role of work-integrated learning in enhancing employability.


The paper calls for more integrative research focusing on personal agency with the development of career paths inside organizations as well as for a more focus on a multilevel perspective exploring both individuals' and organizations’ perceptions.



Dinh, N.T., Dinh Hai, L. and Pham, H.-H. (2023), "A bibliometric review of research on employability: dataset from Scopus between 1972 and 2019", Higher Education, Skills and Work-Based Learning, Vol. 13 No. 1, pp. 1-21.



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