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Examining the intention to stay home due to COVID-19: a pandemic's second wave outlook

Bahadur Ali Soomro (Department of Economics, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Sciences and Technology, Abdul Haq Campus, Karachi, Pakistan)
Naimatullah Shah (College of Business Administration, Al Yamamah University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia) (Department of Public Administration, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan)

Health Education

ISSN: 0965-4283

Article publication date: 11 May 2021

Issue publication date: 21 May 2021




At present, almost the whole globe is facing a severe threat of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The present study examines the intention to stay home due to COVID-19 during a second wave of the pandemic.


The study employed a deductive approach based on cross-sectional data. An online survey is conducted from citizens of Pakistan. A convenience sampling is applied to target the respondents. In total, 238 useable responses proceed for final analysis. The structural equation model (SEM) is used to infer the results.


The findings of the study highlight a positive and significant effect of fear of COVID-19, attitudes to stay at home behaviour (AtSHB), knowledge about COVID-19 (Ka19) and health consciousness (HC) on the intention to stay at home (ItSAH).

Practical implications

The study would provide the guidelines to policymakers and planners to develop the policies which may establish the individual's ItSAH. This strategy would restrict the spread of COVID-19. The government should also formulate the plannings to reduce the fear about COVID-19 and health concerns to combat the pandemic. The government should launch awareness programs regarding the spread and cure of COVID-19.


This study is the first study which highlights the factors such as fear, HC, attitudes and knowledge towards ItSAH. The study may be unique in the COVID-19 perspective, particularly in the Pakistani context.



Soomro, B.A. and Shah, N. (2021), "Examining the intention to stay home due to COVID-19: a pandemic's second wave outlook", Health Education, Vol. 121 No. 4, pp. 420-435.



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