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Estimating civil aircraft’s research and manufacture cost by using grey system model and neural network algorithm

Naiming Xie (Institute of Grey System Studies, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China)

Grey Systems: Theory and Application

ISSN: 2043-9377

Article publication date: 2 February 2015

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose novel civil aircraft cost parameters’ selection method and novel cost estimation approach for civil aircraft so as to effectively simulate or forecast civil aircraft cost under poor information and small sample.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on existent cost estimation indexes, this paper summarized civil aircraft research and manufacturing cost impact index system and adopted grey relational model to select most important impact factors. Consider civil aircrafts’ cost information could not be easily collected, the author must estimate their costs with limited sample and poor information. A combination model of GM (0, N) model and BP neural network algorithm is proposed. Both advantages of simulation of BP neural network algorithm and poor information generation of GM (0, N) were effectively combined. Then steps of combined model were given out. Finally, nine types of aircrafts were used to test the validity of proposed model. As comparing with the traditional multiple linear regression model and simple GM (0, N) model, results indicated that proposed model can do the work better.

Findings

Grey relational model can be applied for parameters’ selection and combined GM (0, N) model and BP neural network algorithm can estimate aircraft’s cost as well. Results show that novel combined model could get high forecasting accuracy.

Practical implications

Cost estimation is key problem in production management of civil aircraft. Effective cost management could promote competitiveness of aircraft manufacturing company. Proposed combined model can be applied for civil aircraft cost estimation. Similarly, it could be applied for other complex equipment cost estimation.

Originality/value

The paper succeeds in proposing grey relational model for cost parameters’ selection and constructing a combination model of GM (0, N) model and BP neural network algorithm. Algorithm of the proposed model was discussed and steps were given out.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China under grant 71171113 and Aeronautical Science Foundation of China under grant 2014ZG52077.

Citation

Xie, N. (2015), "Estimating civil aircraft’s research and manufacture cost by using grey system model and neural network algorithm", Grey Systems: Theory and Application, Vol. 5 No. 1, pp. 89-104. https://doi.org/10.1108/GS-12-2014-0054

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited