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Evaluation of key factors influencing process quality during construction projects in Pakistan

Abdul Haseeb Aamir Sheikh (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan) (Institute for Grey Systems and Decision Sciences, GreySys Foundation, Lahore, Pakistan)
Muhammad Ikram (Institute for Grey Systems and Decision Sciences, GreySys Foundation, Lahore, Pakistan) (College of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China)
Rana Mamoon Ahmad (Department of Civil Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan) (Nestle Pakistan, Khanewal, Pakistan)
Hamza Qadeer (Plant Construction Division, Descon Engineering Limited, Lahore, Pakistan) (Institute for Grey Systems and Decision Sciences, GreySys Foundation, Lahore, Pakistan) (Department of Civil Engineering, University of South Asia, Lahore, Pakistan)
Muhammad Nawaz (Institute for Grey Systems and Decision Sciences, GreySys Foundation, Lahore, Pakistan) (National College of Business Administration and Economics, Lahore, Pakistan)

Grey Systems: Theory and Application

ISSN: 2043-9377

Article publication date: 14 June 2019

Issue publication date: 20 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The quality of construction projects is mainly dependent on the process quality during the construction phase than product quality. The key factors that influence the process quality of building projects in Pakistan during the construction phase of building life cycle are evaluated from literature. This paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

The factors were ranked using the traditional relative importance index (RII) and the second synthetic grey relational analysis method. The findings indicate that during the construction phase the selection of an appropriate contractor is the most important factor. The existence of feedback system and quality of shop drawings received from subcontractors are also very significant factors, according to the grey relational model.

Findings

Measures for the improvement of process quality in Pakistan are suggested. The results from both methods are not entirely comparable; however, if one considers uncertainty in data, then the second synthetic GRA-based ranking should be preferred over RII in decision making.

Originality/value

The study is pioneer in the evaluation of key factors influencing process quality during building construction projects in Pakistan using a set of traditional and novel methods. The results of this study are significant in improving the process quality during different phases of construction.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors want to thank the anonymous reviewers for their important feedbacks, which greatly helped us improve the quality of our paper. The corresponding author also wants to thank his teachers and CIIT where he completed his MS in Project Management on the topic and later decided to further improve it followed by a publication in the journal. The authors also want to thank the editorial team and publication team of the journal.

Citation

Sheikh, A.H.A., Ikram, M., Ahmad, R.M., Qadeer, H. and Nawaz, M. (2019), "Evaluation of key factors influencing process quality during construction projects in Pakistan", Grey Systems: Theory and Application, Vol. 9 No. 3, pp. 321-335. https://doi.org/10.1108/GS-01-2019-0002

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited