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Explaining work motivation through perceived transformational leadership: what to expect in a sample of female employees?

Modesta Morkevičiūtė (Department of Psychology, Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas, Lithuania)
Auksė Endriulaitienė (Department of Psychology, Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas, Lithuania)

Gender in Management

ISSN: 1754-2413

Article publication date: 5 June 2020

Issue publication date: 20 July 2020

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to deal with a study aimed at clarifying the relationship between the dimensions of the perceived transformational leadership style and work motivation in a sample of female employees.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 168 Lithuanian employees participated in the empirical study. Work motivation was assessed using the work extrinsic and intrinsic motivation scale (Tremblay et al., 2009). The perceived transformational leadership style was assessed with the help of the transformational leadership inventory (Podsakoff et al., 1990).

Findings

The results revealed that both intrinsic and extrinsic work motivation of female employees was enhanced when the leader was perceived as a person articulating the vision of the future, providing an appropriate role model, fostering the acceptance of group goals and applying intellectual stimulation. High-performance expectations of the transformational leader lead to an increased level of women’s extrinsic motivation.

Originality/value

This study contributes to the limited empirical research into the role of discrete dimensions of transformational leadership in determining both intrinsic and extrinsic work motivation of female employees.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Special thanks go to Evelina Jočienė for a significant contribution in performing the study.

Citation

Morkevičiūtė, M. and Endriulaitienė, A. (2020), "Explaining work motivation through perceived transformational leadership: what to expect in a sample of female employees?", Gender in Management, Vol. 35 No. 6, pp. 585-599. https://doi.org/10.1108/GM-01-2020-0004

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited