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Diffusion of intellectual property knowledge in Zimbabwean universities: tools, programmes and strategies

Sibongile Ngwenya (Department of Publishing Studies, National University of Science and Technology, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe)
Omwoyo Bosire Onyancha (Department of Information Science, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa)

Global Knowledge, Memory and Communication

ISSN: 2514-9342

Article publication date: 20 March 2023




This paper aims to explore the diffusion of Intellectual Property (IP) knowledge in universities in Zimbabwe. Specifically, the study examines the tools, policies, programmes and unique strategies used by the universities.


The paper reports the findings of a survey that was conducted on a population of lecturers (1,546), research officers (RO) (11), IP officer (1), faculty librarians (FLs) (27) and final year undergraduate students (9,224) at universities in Zimbabwe. Questionnaires were administered to the lecturers and students while interviews were administered to the IP officer, ROs and FLs. Data analysis comprised the use of Google forms and Microsoft Excel software.


The findings reveal diffusing IP knowledge in Zimbabwean universities involves mainly the use of policies and regulations, library web pages, workshops, although not specifically on IP, presentations on IP in the university, advice and guidance services and IP lectures/teaching.

Research limitations/implications

This study presents the IP situation in Zimbabwe and its findings may be applied to Africa and other developing countries.

Practical implications

This study endorses IP as a national issue and suggests a benchmark for diffusing knowledge on IP in Zimbabwean universities.


This study acknowledges the multi-disciplinary nature of IP and should lead to all university students graduating with adequate knowledge on IP.



Ngwenya, S. and Onyancha, O.B. (2023), "Diffusion of intellectual property knowledge in Zimbabwean universities: tools, programmes and strategies", Global Knowledge, Memory and Communication, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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