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Mapping the desktop research in Pakistan: a bibliometric analysis

Nazia Wahid (Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan)
Usama Amin (Institute of Information Management, University of the Punjab Quaid-i-Azam Campus, Lahore, Pakistan)
Muhammad Ajmal Khan (Deanship of Library Affairs, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia)
Nadeem Siddique (Gad and Birgit Rausing Library, Lahore University of Management Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan)
Nosheen Fatima Warraich (Institute of Information Management, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan)

Global Knowledge, Memory and Communication

ISSN: 2514-9342

Article publication date: 7 March 2023




This study aims to map the “Desktop Research” (DR) output in Pakistan, as part of the growing field of research globally. It also ascertains the productive institutions and prolific authors along with their collaboration patterns.


Bibliometric techniques were used to quantitatively analyze the DR published in Pakistan. The publications from 1981 to 2021 were retrieved from Scopus. A total of 1,802 publications were retrieved and used for analysis.


Results indicated an unpredictable increase in DR output from approximately 100 to 400 records during the past five years. The year 2020 was most productive in DR research showing the excess use of secondary data by researchers in COVID-19. The focus of researchers towards DR was consistently rising. Medical journals were found to publish DR extensively. Majority of the publications were contributed by collaborative work and researchers of the USA were found as the most collaborative with Pakistani authors. Publications of single category journals, open access journals and international collaboration get more citations.

Research limitations/implications

The results of the analysis rely only on a single database, Scopus, for retrieving the publication data.

Practical implications

The study has practical implications for the policymakers and higher education development organizations to introduce the DR as a course in academic schools.


To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is the first to review DR in the context of Pakistan through bibliometric analysis. This comprehensive overview provides a better understanding of the development of the field and possible practice implications.



Wahid, N., Amin, U., Khan, M.A., Siddique, N. and Warraich, N.F. (2023), "Mapping the desktop research in Pakistan: a bibliometric analysis", Global Knowledge, Memory and Communication, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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