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Effect of motivating language on employee performance: mediating role of organisational citizenship behaviour and employee engagement in the healthcare sector

Sovia R.J. Singh (Chitkara Business School, Chitkara University, Rajpura, India)
Kulwant Kumar Sharma (Chitkara Business School, Chitkara University, Rajpura, India)
Amit Mittal (Chitkara Business School, Chitkara University, Rajpura, India)
Pawan Kumar Chand (Department of Management Studies, Sardar Patel University, Mandi, India)

Global Knowledge, Memory and Communication

ISSN: 2514-9342

Article publication date: 21 December 2022

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the effect of motivating language on employee performance and assesses the mediating roles of organisational citizenship behaviour and employee engagement between motivating language and employee performance in the Indian health-care sector, which is a highly demanding work environment, wherein employee burnout is high.

Design/methodology/approach

The study was in the context of COVID-19 pandemic set for health-care workers in India. To collect data and test the proposed research model, 328 questionnaires were respondent by multi-level health-care professionals from private and government hospitals in North India.

Findings

The findings suggest that leader’s motivating language is crucial for health-care leaders, inducing employee’s performance in context to patientcare, safety and satisfaction. Underpinning theory of leader member exchange substantiates that the role of leader is pivotal in daily interaction with the stakeholders. Self-determination theory of motivation is determined by psychological needs satisfaction inducing employee engagement and organisational citizenship behaviour, amplified through the leader’s motivating language, resulting into improved patientcare and patient safety. The findings state that leader’s motivating language impacts the high culture context like health-care professionals, as observed in the Indian health-care sector during COVID-19. The findings are indicative of developing non-cognitive personality traits for managerial skills.

Practical implications

The study substantiates the pivotal role of the leader’s communication with stakeholders such as patients/attendants and health-care staff. The findings, which are an indicator of patientcare, as an outcome of patient compliance, will be indicative of developing the non-cognitive skills in the personality traits of managerial skills, inducing patients’ trust in their health-care providers, using motivating language. Therefore, the health-care professionals must be trained in the application of motivating language with stakeholders, namely, patients/attendants and staff.

Originality/value

The findings state that leader’s motivating language impacts on employees of high culture context like health-care professionals, as observed in the Indian health-care sector during the recent global medical emergency of COVID-19, whereas the earlier studies posited leader’s motivating language to be effective on employees with low-cultural context. The role of leader is pivotal in daily interaction with the stakeholders, namely, patients/attendants and health-care staff.

Keywords

Citation

R.J. Singh, S., Sharma, K.K., Mittal, A. and Chand, P.K. (2022), "Effect of motivating language on employee performance: mediating role of organisational citizenship behaviour and employee engagement in the healthcare sector", Global Knowledge, Memory and Communication, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/GKMC-07-2022-0157

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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