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Future study of operations research based on scenario planning and soft systems methodology

Mohammad Reza Fathi (University of Tehran, Qom, Iran)
Mohammad Hasan Maleki (University of Qom, Qom, Iran)
Seyed Mohammad Sobhani (University of Tehran, Qom, Iran)
Can Deniz Koksal (Akdeniz Universitesi, Antalya, Turkey)


ISSN: 1463-6689

Article publication date: 3 March 2020

Issue publication date: 20 March 2020




The purpose of this study is to formulate exploratory scenarios of Operations Research through the critical uncertainty approach and Soft Systems Methodology.


In this study, to formulate plausible scenarios, the discipline of operation research internal and external experts’ opinions of this field have been gathered through Delphi approach and uncertainty questionnaires. After use of the most important uncertainties, plausible scenarios of operations research have been mapped with the help of experts through co-thinking workshops.


Four scenarios are presented in this study. These scenarios include Solar System, Esfandiar's Eye, Rival’s Setraps and Legendary Simurgh. Naturally, the imagination of such a unitary future for all academic communities is an expectation far from reality, and given the conditions of each of these futures or any integration of them is imaginable.


Operations Research models have been faced with variously multiple changes since its emergence until now. Investigation into the future of operations research on the necessity for his planning has not received a reasonable notice in the literature. Sporadic activities that have been carried out are also lacking in the necessary methodology. Also, there has been no research about future study using the soft Operation Research tools (Soft Systems Methodology).



Fathi, M.R., Maleki, M.H., Sobhani, S.M. and Koksal, C.D. (2020), "Future study of operations research based on scenario planning and soft systems methodology", Foresight, Vol. 22 No. 2, pp. 223-249.



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