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Evaluating local vulnerability and organisational resilience to frequent flooding in Africa: the case of Northern Cameroon

Henry Bang (Disaster Management Centre, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, UK)
Lee Miles (Disaster Management Centre, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, UK)
Richard Gordon (Disaster Management Centre, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, UK)

Foresight

ISSN: 1463-6689

Article publication date: 18 January 2019

Issue publication date: 12 April 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate local vulnerability and organisational resilience including coping/adaptive capacity to climate risks, specifically frequent flooding in Northern Cameroon.

Design/methodology/approach

The research is exploratory/deductive and draws upon qualitative methods, secondary and empirical techniques supplemented by semi-structured qualitative interviews with senior disaster managers. Secondary information sources, which include peer review articles, government reports/plans, newspaper articles and other grey literature, enhanced the analysis.

Findings

The research findings have unveiled the physical and social vulnerability of Northern Cameroon to frequent flooding. Results also show that institutional performance for flood management in Cameroon is ineffective, and adaptive capacity is highly deficient. Cameroon’s legislative framework for flood management is weak, and this exacerbates the poor implementation of structural and non-structural flood management measures. Results also indicate issues with relief, evacuation and foreign assistance in flood management. Recommendations that focus on enhancing capacity of response to frequent flooding via reducing vulnerabilities, managing resilience and enhancing adaptive capacity are provided.

Originality/value

Using Gallopin’s (2006) model of vulnerability, this paper makes a distinct contribution by offering insights into the role of adaptive capacity in disaster management systems in developing (African) countries via an evaluation of vulnerabilities and organisational resilience to repeated flooding in Northern Cameroon.

Keywords

Citation

Bang, H., Miles, L. and Gordon, R. (2019), "Evaluating local vulnerability and organisational resilience to frequent flooding in Africa: the case of Northern Cameroon", Foresight, Vol. 21 No. 2, pp. 266-284. https://doi.org/10.1108/FS-06-2018-0068

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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