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Facilities management education in the Four Asian Dragons: a review

Joseph Lai (Department of Building Services Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong)
Kung-Jen Tu (Department of Architecture, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan)
Jonathan K.M. Lian (Department of Building, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore)
Jun Ha Kim (Department of Housing and Interior Design, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea)


ISSN: 0263-2772

Article publication date: 19 June 2019

Issue publication date: 12 July 2019




This paper aims to reveal and compare the characteristics of the facilities management (FM) education programs in Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore and South Korea (i.e. the Four Asian Dragons) and makes suggestions for their future development.


A team consisting of academics from the Four Asian Dragons held a face-to-face meeting to discuss and define the scope and framework of the review, followed by an extensive search to identify literature and information germane to the study. Individual parts of reviews, prepared by the team members for their respective places, were cross-reviewed before refinement and consolidation into the current paper.


The term “facility (or facilities) management” appears in most of the programs reviewed, but terms such as “environment” and “property” also appear in some programs’ titles. The programs reviewed range from certificate level to doctorate level; those between diploma level and master level are more common. Most of the programs have obtained professional accreditations, but some are accredited by FM-related rather than FM-specific professional bodies.

Research limitations/implications

Further research should investigate issues such as the performance of the programs reviewed, extent to which they have met the market needs and how they compare with the counterparts in other regions (e.g. Europe, America). For such research, the process of the study reported here and its findings about the status quo of the programs can serve as references.

Practical implications

To strengthen FM as a well-established discipline, it is imperative to have the programs accredited by FM-specific professional bodies.


Providing the first-ever international review on the major FM programs in Asia, this paper is useful to program planners, educators and researchers in the FM field.



Lai, J., Tu, K.-J., Lian, J.K.M. and Kim, J.H. (2019), "Facilities management education in the Four Asian Dragons: a review", Facilities, Vol. 37 No. 11/12, pp. 723-742.



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