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Assessment of social sustainability in construction projects using social network analysis

Essam Almahmoud (Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia)
Hemanta Kumar Doloi (Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia)

Facilities

ISSN: 0263-2772

Article publication date: 2 March 2015

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to propose a framework that puts the stakeholders at the forefront of achieving sustainability in the social context. This research, thus, argues that the social sustainability outcomes in construction are best achieved by taking into account the satisfactions of the stakeholders.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on sustainability and equity theories, a dynamic assessment model has been developed to evaluate the contributions of projects in a social context. Multiple stakeholders and their differing interests associated with the construction projects have been integrated using social network analysis. The mapping of the relationships between the project stakeholders, with respect to their relative stakes and seven social core functions, have been integrated in the assessment model.

Findings

The findings of this research suggest that the degree of satisfying the needs of diverse stakeholders is highly significant in achieving social sustainability performance of projects. Using a case study from Saudi Arabia, the applicability and significance of the assessment model has been demonstrated. The application of the model provides the opportunity to identify any problems and to enhance the overall performance of projects in the social context.

Research limitations/implications

The functionality and efficacy of the model need to be further tested outside the Saudi Arabian region.

Originality/value

The research is original in the sense that for the first time, a novel approach has been developed, putting the stakeholders at the forefront of achieving sustainability outcomes in construction projects.

Keywords

Citation

Almahmoud, E. and Doloi, H.K. (2015), "Assessment of social sustainability in construction projects using social network analysis", Facilities, Vol. 33 No. 3/4, pp. 152-176. https://doi.org/10.1108/F-05-2013-0042

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited