Selection of a suitable location for a quarantine infrastructure represents a complex decision problem, which requires a systematic appraisal of myriads of factors. Quarantine facility in this study is a facility that intends to harbour and treat individuals diagnosed with COVID-19 to prevent the widespread of the virus. COVID-19 is a very contagious pandemic disease, hence, the establishment of critical factors that will embrace the selection of a suitable quarantine facility is of high importance. This paper aims to ascertain the vital few factors that must be considered by decision makers in selecting a suitable quarantine facility.
The aim of this study was achieved through the numerical assessment of identified quarantine location selection factors using the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and Pareto techniques. The factors, which influences the selection of a suitable quarantine facility for COVID-19 patients were first identified from the literature followed by the pairwise comparison of the factors and random consistency analyses, as well as the ranking of the alternatives based on facility location experts’ opinions.
The study revealed that security, skills availability, cost, readiness, proximity to necessary medical facilities and distance to border, with percentage weight scores of 18%, 16.7%, 15.6%, 10.3%, 9.8% and 6.6% were the critical factors that must be considered during the selection of a quarantine facility for COVID-19 patients.
The results of this paper will help the government and decision makers in locating the quarantine sites for people who tested positive for the COVID-19 virus.
The present study focuses on the application of the decision technique to ascertain critical factors that embrace suitable quarantine facility selection. Combination of AHP and Pareto techniques for prioritization of conflicting factors to be considered in selecting the most suitable location for a quarantine facility has not been reported by existing literature.
The authors acknowledge the funding support from the Technology Innovation Agency (TIA) South Africa, Gibela Rail Transport Consortium (GRTC), National Research Foundation (NRF grant 123575); and the Tshwane University of Technology (TUT).
Zeferino, E.F.S., Makinde, O.A., Mpofu, K., Ramatsetse, B.I. and Daniyan, I.A. (2021), "Prioritizing factors influencing the selection of a suitable quarantine facility for COVID-19 patients using Pareto-enhanced analytical hierarchy process", Facilities, Vol. 39 No. 7/8, pp. 488-507. https://doi.org/10.1108/F-04-2020-0043
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