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Disasters and communities: vulnerability, resilience and preparedness

Douglas Paton (Douglas Paton is Associate Professor, School of Psychology, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.)
David Johnston (David Johnston is with the Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences, Taupo, New Zealand.)

Disaster Prevention and Management

ISSN: 0965-3562

Article publication date: 1 October 2001

Abstract

With regard to their utility in predicting the adoption of household hazard preparations, traditional approaches to public education directed at increasing awareness and/or risk perception have proven ineffective. Discusses reasons why this may have occurred from public education, vulnerability analysis, and community resilience perspectives and outlines strategies for enhancing preparedness. Describes a model of resilience to hazard effects that has been tested in different communities and for different hazards (toxic waste, environmental degradation and volcanic hazards). Drawing upon the health education literature, introduces a model for promoting the adoption on preparatory behaviour. Discusses links between these models, and the need for their implementation within a community development framework.

Keywords

Citation

Paton, D. and Johnston, D. (2001), "Disasters and communities: vulnerability, resilience and preparedness", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 10 No. 4, pp. 270-277. https://doi.org/10.1108/EUM0000000005930

Publisher

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MCB UP Ltd

Copyright © 2001, MCB UP Limited