To read this content please select one of the options below:

Perceptions of Effectiveness and the Satisfaction of Principals in Elementary Schools

Journal of Educational Administration

ISSN: 0957-8234

Article publication date: 1 January 1991



The job satisfaction and effectiveness of principals, the effectiveness of their schools, and relationships among those three variables were investigated by questionnaires and interviews involving elementary school teachers, principals, and area superintendents in Alberta. Job satisfaction of principals was closely associated with the effect of the job on their personal lives, and it was highest in respect of working relationships with teachers and students. An appropriate school climate emerged as the most important and most effective individual aspect of the performance of schools, but a multidimensional perspective was supported. Effective principalship was seen to encompass many high priority areas, and principals′ overall effectiveness related most strongly to their decision‐making effectiveness. Principals′ job satisfaction was only weakly associated with the effectiveness of schools and principals, but the two effectiveness variables were significantly related. Teachers and area superintendents tended to rate the effectiveness of schools less positively than did principals.



Johnson, N.A. and Holdaway, E.A. (1991), "Perceptions of Effectiveness and the Satisfaction of Principals in Elementary Schools", Journal of Educational Administration, Vol. 29 No. 1.




Copyright © 1991, MCB UP Limited

Related articles