The Implications for Transportation In 1985, the European Commission, under the leadership of Lord Cockfield, published a “White Paper” which has as its purpose the creation of a European barrier‐free market by 1992. The White Paper includes 300 measures to accomplish this goal. The directives that have direct implications for three types of transport (road, water, air) are examined. It is concluded that the 1992 programme of the EC will dramatically alter the European logistics landscape and that logistics managers cannot wait to understand the changes since numerous directives will be implemented long before 1992.
Tuninga, R. (1989), "The European Community and 1992", International Journal of Physical Distribution & Materials Management, Vol. 19 No. 5, pp. 10-14. https://doi.org/10.1108/EUM0000000000318
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