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Venturing under fire: Entrepreneurship education, venture creation, and poverty reduction in conflict-ridden Maiduguri, Nigeria

Oluwaseun Kolade (School of Law and Social Sciences, London South Bank University, London, UK) (Business School, University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, UK)

Education + Training

ISSN: 0040-0912

Article publication date: 24 January 2018

Issue publication date: 15 August 2018




The purpose of this paper is to examine how a new entrepreneurship education (EE) intervention offered at conflict-ridden Maiduguri, Nigeria, is having transformative impacts through new venture creation and poverty reduction.


The paper adopts a single case study approach, drawing from in-depth interviews of participants, experts, and facilitators of the entrepreneurship training, in addition to relevant memos and documents.


The findings indicate that the EE programme is, by generating awareness and facilitating skill development, contributing to new venture creation, poverty reduction, and positive change in mindset. However, the impact is limited by inadequate support through venture capital and limited facilities for business incubation.

Research limitations/implications

This study is limited in its focus on EE provided for university undergraduates and graduates. Further research should explore interventions aimed at less-educated youth in the region, and in other conflict contexts.

Social implications

The study suggests that EE facilitates youth empowerment through venture creation, in the process transforming them from aggrieved outsiders to active stakeholders in societal peace and national prosperity.


The nascent theory of transformative entrepreneuring identifies poverty reduction and conflict resolution as the main mechanisms. This paper focuses on how EE triggers new venture creation, which in turn contributes to poverty reduction and overall change in mindset of otherwise unemployed and aggrieved youths.



The author wishes to thank the journal's anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments, and Dr Paschal Anosike of Wolverhampton Business School for his comment on an earlier version of the paper.


Kolade, O. (2018), "Venturing under fire: Entrepreneurship education, venture creation, and poverty reduction in conflict-ridden Maiduguri, Nigeria", Education + Training, Vol. 60 No. 7/8, pp. 749-766.



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