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Gender and university degree: a new analysis of entrepreneurial intention

Pilar López-Delgado (Department of Statistics and Econometric, Facultad de Ciencias Economicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Malaga, Malaga, Spain)
Patricia P. Iglesias-Sánchez (Department of Economics and Business Organisation, Marketing Research Area, Malaga University, Malaga, Spain)
Carmen Jambrino-Maldonado (Facultad de Ciencias Economicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Malaga, Malaga, Spain)

Education + Training

ISSN: 0040-0912

Article publication date: 4 January 2019

Issue publication date: 13 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to determine how and why differences in gender affect entrepreneurial intention (EI). Although there are many studies in this area, scholars have yet to reach a consensus.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses a survey of students at Malaga University in two stages to introduce a new perspective that links gender and university degree subject with the predisposition towards business creation. Structural equation modelling (SEM) is applied.

Findings

Comparing the explanatory power of an additive model and a multiplicative model, this paper confirms that socialisation conditions both men and women in their choice of university studies. Consequently, gender and university degree subject choice are shown to be linked and both affect EI.

Research limitations/implications

These findings provide a starting point for closing the information gap in the literature, but deeper analysis is required to combine other factors, such as international variations and the influence of different education systems on entrepreneurship.

Practical implications

These results are of special value to universities interested in fomenting entrepreneurship in their graduates, allowing them to better propose educational policies and communication campaigns reducing the effect of gender on degree choice.

Originality/value

The contribution of this research is the development of introducing university degree subjects as tied to gender. The study forms one construct together, and not a descriptive variable of the sample selected or as two independent exogenous variables, as is the case in most of the literature in this area.

Keywords

Citation

López-Delgado, P., Iglesias-Sánchez, P.P. and Jambrino-Maldonado, C. (2019), "Gender and university degree: a new analysis of entrepreneurial intention", Education + Training, Vol. 61 No. 7/8, pp. 797-814. https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-04-2018-0085

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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