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Boom or bust? Embedding entrepreneurship in education in Australia

Alex Maritz (La Trobe Business School, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Australia)
Quan Nguyen (La Trobe Business School, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Australia)
Martin Bliemel (Faculty of Transdisciplinary Innovation, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia)

Education + Training

ISSN: 0040-0912

Article publication date: 15 July 2019

Issue publication date: 19 July 2019




The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the status of entrepreneurship education (EE) in Australia, replicating and expanding a similar study in 2015. The aim is to review neoteric global best practice EE initiatives, enabling the examination and embedding of EE offerings and initiatives at all 40 higher education institutions (HEIs) in Australia.


The authors introduce a review of prominent and recent global EE scholarship, enabling an iterative and emergent inquiry perspective aligned to inductive and nascent multi-method empirical research associated with theoretical underpinnings of symbolic and substantive management theory.


This paper highlights the sparse and inconsistent distribution of EE programs and initiatives across all 40 Australian HEIs, particularly against the backdrop of rapidly expanding start-up and entrepreneurship ecosystems. Furthermore, outcomes provide best practice EE initiatives, which included staff mobility and transferability of skills. HEIs in Australia are experiencing a moderate EE boom, albeit marginally down on global EE transformation initiatives.

Research limitations/implications

Limitation of the data is subject to availability and accuracy of online documents and material resources, although implications have been mitigated using multi-method research design.

Practical implications

The findings provide critical grounding for researchers, practitioners and HEIs wishing to enhance EE within ever-expanding entrepreneurship ecosystems.


This study is the first multi-methods inquiry into the status of EE in Australia, consisting of quantitative, qualitative and algorithmic methods.



The authors would like to thank Dr Susan Rushworth, for the many hours of data collection and research assistance, and Claudia Shwetzer, the originator of the founding research in 2014.


Maritz, A., Nguyen, Q. and Bliemel, M. (2019), "Boom or bust? Embedding entrepreneurship in education in Australia", Education + Training, Vol. 61 No. 6, pp. 737-755.



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