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The HRM-performance relationship revisited: Inspirational motivation, participative decision making and happiness at work (HAW)

Andres Salas-Vallina (ESIC Business and Marketing School, Madrid, Spain)
Rafael Fernandez (Department of Business Management, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain)

Employee Relations

ISSN: 0142-5455

Article publication date: 7 August 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between inspirational leadership, participative decision making (PDM) and happiness at work (HAW).

Design/methodology/approach

The sampling frame consists of medical specialists in allergy of Spanish public hospitals (n=167). The authors used structural equation modelling to verify if the relationship between inspirational leadership and HAW is mediated by PDM.

Findings

Results suggest that PDM fully mediates the relationship between inspirational leadership and HAW. Thus, PDM plays an essential role in explaining how inspirational leader behaviours.

Research limitations/implications

The authors put forward a cross-sectional research, which does not guarantee similar results in the future. Future longitudinal studies may reveal further effects of inspirational motivation and PDM beyond HAW. Also the authors focussed on a specific population of medical specialists working in public allergy units. Future research might consider longitudinal analysis and other populations.

Practical implications

This research provides evidence of the direct and positive effect of inspirational leadership on HAW. However, fostering inspirational leadership is not sufficient on its own to foment HAW, and should be complemented by applying other organisational factors such as PDM.

Originality/value

In recent years, some studies have put forward different conceptual models to explain the gap in the relationship between human resource management and performance, considering the effect of mediating variables. This study proposes a theoretical model that attempts to develop this human resource “black box” by empirically validating a conceptual proposal that links inspirational leadership, PDM and HAW.

Keywords

Citation

Salas-Vallina, A. and Fernandez, R. (2017), "The HRM-performance relationship revisited: Inspirational motivation, participative decision making and happiness at work (HAW)", Employee Relations, Vol. 39 No. 5, pp. 626-642. https://doi.org/10.1108/ER-12-2016-0245

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited