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How and when service-oriented high-performance work systems foster employee service performance: A test of mediating and moderating processes

Zhen Wang (Department of Organization and Human Resources Management, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, China)
Haoying Xu (Department of Organization and Human Resources Management, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, China)

Employee Relations

ISSN: 0142-5455

Article publication date: 5 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate how and when service-oriented high-performance work systems (HPWS) impact employees’ service performance.

Design/methodology/approach

Survey data was obtained from 568 frontline service employees and their supervisors across 92 branches of a large bank in China. The hypotheses were tested with hierarchical linear modeling.

Findings

The results suggested that service-oriented HPWS affected employee service performance via its simultaneous impact on employees’ service ability, customer orientation, and service climate perception. Moreover, the indirect effects of HPWS on service performance via service ability and customer orientation were significant only when service-oriented HPWS consensus was high.

Practical implications

To elicit employees’ provision of excellent service, organizations should invest in service-oriented HRM practices to improve all of their service ability, customer orientation, and service climate perception, making them able to, willing to, and having the chance to perform high-quality service performance. Organizations should also pay attention to the variability in employees’ HRM perceptions within the same group.

Originality/value

The research contributes to the extant literature by presenting a more complete understanding of how service-oriented HPWS elicits employee service performance, and when this HPWS is and is not effective.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos 71302129), and Beijing Social Science Fund (Nos 16GLB035).

Citation

Wang, Z. and Xu, H. (2017), "How and when service-oriented high-performance work systems foster employee service performance: A test of mediating and moderating processes", Employee Relations, Vol. 39 No. 4, pp. 523-540. https://doi.org/10.1108/ER-07-2016-0140

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited