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Union influence on change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior: evidence from China

Enhua Hu (Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China)
Mingyan Han (Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China)
Mengyue Zhang (Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China)
Lin Huang (Nottingham University Business School, University of Nottingham - Ningbo China, Ningbo, China)
Hongmei Shan (School of Management, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing, China)

Employee Relations

ISSN: 0142-5455

Article publication date: 11 October 2022

Issue publication date: 1 February 2023

331

Abstract

Purpose

Despite the considerable research into China's industrial relation system, little attention has been focused on what do Chinese unions at the enterprise level do and how their daily work influences employees' work-related outcomes. Drawing on the theory of planned behavior, this paper aims to examine the impact of Chinese enterprise union practices on employees' change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior through the mediating roles of psychological safety, perceived insider status, and role breadth self-efficacy.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected from 450 employees at 45 unionized enterprises in China through a three-wave survey. Multilevel analyses were conducted to test the hypothesized effects.

Findings

Chinese enterprise union practices positively predicted change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior. Critically, psychological safety and role breadth self-efficacy mediated the positive relationship between Chinese enterprise union practices and change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior.

Originality/value

This study provides new evidence on the effectiveness of Chinese enterprise union practices from a perspective of employees' work-related outcomes. It also enriches the existing literature on antecedents of change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior and provides a “planned” perspective to understand the mechanism that underlies the relationship between Chinese enterprise union practices and change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 72032002 and 71872089), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grants NC2022007 and NJ2022033) and the Innovation Team “Research on Chinese Employment Relationship Management” of Philosophy and Social Science Research in Colleges and Universities in Jiangsu Province of China.

Citation

Hu, E., Han, M., Zhang, M., Huang, L. and Shan, H. (2023), "Union influence on change-oriented organizational citizenship behavior: evidence from China", Employee Relations, Vol. 45 No. 2, pp. 387-401. https://doi.org/10.1108/ER-02-2022-0101

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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