How organization justice and perceived organizational support facilitate employees’ innovative behavior at work

Sajjad Nazir (Hohai Business School, Hohai University, Nanjing, China)
Amina Shafi (Hohai Business School, Hohai University, Nanjing, China)
Mian Muhammad Atif (FAST School of Management, National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan)
Wang Qun (Hohai Business School, Hohai University, Nanjing, China)
Syed Muhammad Abdullah (Department of Management Sciences, Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Topi, Pakistan)

Employee Relations: The International Journal

ISSN: 0142-5455

Publication date: 24 July 2019



The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationships among organizational justice, innovative organization culture, perceived organizational support (POS), affective commitment and innovative behavior (IB). The mediating role of POS is tested within the relationship of justice dimensions, affective commitment and IB.


Data for this research were collected from 367 managerial and executive employees working in manufacturing and IT sector firms in Pakistan. Structural equation modeling was utilized to test hypothesized relationships.


Results indicate that organizational justice (distributive, procedural and interactional justice), innovative organization culture and POS are significantly related to affective commitment and employees’ IB. The findings also showed that organizational justice stimulates employees’ affective commitment and IB through mediating POS as well as directly.

Research limitations/implications

The main limitation of this study is its cross-sectional design and self-reported questionnaire data. This study is also limited to manufacturing and IT sector in Pakistan. Therefore, other sectors and geographical locations could be chosen for future research using a bigger sample size.


This study makes important theoretical contributions using social exchange theory. It also expands the research in the area of organizational justice dimensions, organizational culture and POS as antecedents of affective commitment and IB. This study is an exceptional investigation of justice, organization culture, POS, commitment and IB in the Pakistan cultural context.



Nazir, S., Shafi, A., Atif, M., Qun, W. and Abdullah, S. (2019), "How organization justice and perceived organizational support facilitate employees’ innovative behavior at work", Employee Relations: The International Journal, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.

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