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Value relevance of earnings and book values in the Qatari Stock Exchange

Hesham I. Almujamed (Department of Accounting, The Public Authority for Applied Education and Training, Kuwait City, Kuwait)
Mishari M. Alfraih (Department of Accounting, The Public Authority for Applied Education and Training, Kuwait City, Kuwait)

EuroMed Journal of Business

ISSN: 1450-2194

Article publication date: 20 March 2019

Issue publication date: 20 March 2019

443

Abstract

Purpose

The study of developed capital markets suggests that information provided in financial statements has lost its value relevance to equity holders. The purpose of this paper is to explore this issue in the emerging market of Qatar.

Design/methodology/approach

Following other studies in the literature, the study examines the value relevance of earnings and book values using the price valuation model provided by Ohlson (1995). A total of 215 observations were collected from all firms listed on the Qatari Stock Exchange over a period of five years (2012–2016).

Findings

This study suggests that the value relevance of both earnings and book values has noticeably decreased over the sample period. However, its results show that the decline in the value relevance of earnings favored book values.

Research limitations/implications

Like other studies, this one has limitations that suggest areas for future research. For example, in Qatar, like other emerging markets, a lack of data prevents the performance of deep analysis. Additionally, the authors only use Ohlson’s (1995) model as a framework for evaluation. It would be interesting to explore the changes when examining alternative valuation models. Another limitation is that the authors examine only two accounting measures: earnings and book values. Further research could explore changes in the value relevance of other measures, such as cash flow.

Practical implications

These findings provide empirical evidence regarding the value relevance of earnings and book values in an emerging market.

Originality/value

To the authors’ knowledge, this paper provides the first empirical evidence regarding the value relevance of earnings and book values in the emerging capital market of Qatar.

Keywords

Citation

Almujamed, H.I. and Alfraih, M.M. (2019), "Value relevance of earnings and book values in the Qatari Stock Exchange", EuroMed Journal of Business, Vol. 14 No. 1, pp. 62-75. https://doi.org/10.1108/EMJB-02-2018-0009

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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