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Diagnosing and routing electronic service quality improvement of academic libraries with the FMEA approach in an intuitionistic fuzzy environment

Seyyed Habibollah Mirghafoori (Seyyed Habibollah Mirghafoori – Yazd University, Yazd, Iran)
Hossein Sayyadi Tooranloo (Meybod University, Meybod, Yazd, Iran)
Sepideh Saghafi (Seyyed Habibollah Mirghafoori – Yazd University, Yazd, Iran)

The Electronic Library

ISSN: 0264-0473

Article publication date: 14 July 2020

Issue publication date: 21 July 2020




In this way, the aim of this study is to expand and evelop the application of this technique in FMEA to rank failure modes of ESQ of academic libraries in an intuitionistic fuzzy environment. Assessment of electronic service quality (ESQ) of libraries is significantly important according to their major roles. It should be noted that the ESQ has a significant impact on customer satisfaction, which improves organizational performance. Accordingly, low ESQ means waste of organizational resources and poor user satisfaction. So, there is a dire need to reflect reasons inducing failure modes in academic library ESQ. Thus, investigation of failure modes affecting academic library ESQ is highly important. One solution in this area is utilization of the intuitionistic fuzzy (IF) failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) as one of the widely used methods for prediction and identification of failure modes.


The present study in terms of objective is applied and in terms of the type of method is descriptive-analytical. The research sample included four experts of Yazd academic Libraries (Iran). To collect data, three types of questionnaires were distributed among experts. The purpose of the first questionnaire was to identify and reach an agreement on e-library failure modes. Type II questionnaire was used to determine the importance of identified risk factors and Type III questionnaire was used to prioritize the factors.


Results indicate that the difficulty of using websites, lack of provided information feedback to users and lack of links on the website to users' are the main priorities for improving ESQ in the studied academic libraries.


In this approach, the Intuitionistic fuzzy Elimination Et Choix Traduisant la REalité and technique for order of preference by similarity to ideal solution method were used to rank failure modes in academic library ESQ within the FMEA framework.]



Mirghafoori, S.H., Sayyadi Tooranloo, H. and Saghafi, S. (2020), "Diagnosing and routing electronic service quality improvement of academic libraries with the FMEA approach in an intuitionistic fuzzy environment", The Electronic Library, Vol. 38 No. 3, pp. 597-631.



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