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Scientometric analysis of Iraqi-Kurdistan universities’ scientific productivity

Alireza Noruzi (Faculty of Library and Information Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)
Mohammadhiwa Abdekhoda (Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran)

The Electronic Library

ISSN: 0264-0473

Article publication date: 3 November 2014




This purpose of this study is to examine research performance of Iraqi-Kurdistan universities, using the number of papers appearing in journals and proceedings, and the number of citations received by those papers as covered by Scopus, 1970-2012. This study also identifies subject coverage (domain/field) of publications and determines the preference of research communication channel within the research community?


A total of 459 papers published by Iraqi-Kurdistan universities and indexed by Scopus during the given time period were considered. The source items (i.e. records of publications by the faculty members of the Iraqi-Kurdistan universities) were all the documents published in international journals and proceedings indexed by Scopus (an Elsevier bibliographic database) from the time period ranging from 1970 to 2012. All papers having an authorship or a co-authorship associated with the Iraqi-Kurdistan universities were included and the number of citations received by them was counted for the period.


The study found that major journals used by Iraqi-Kurdistan universities were Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, Journal of Chinese Clinical Medicine, Asian Journal of Chemistry, Hemoglobin and Journal of Applied Sciences Research. Additionally, three older institutions (Salahaddin University-Hawler, University of Sulaimani and University of Duhok) were the most productive universities. Moreover, the study revealed that 237 of 459 (52 per cent) of publications have international collaborations. It is further evident that among the 459 publications, 211 (40 per cent) have been cited 1,020 times; while 248 (60 per cent) of the papers have not been cited even once, so about 60 per cent of the papers were invisible to world science during the study period. This study also noted that the 25 highly cited papers were cited 484 times, representing 47 per cent of all the citations (484 of 1,020). This indicated a concentration effect, whereby a relatively small number of papers earn most of the citations and research impact generated by the faculty members of Iraqi-Kurdistan universities.


This is the first scientometric research to analyse Iraqi-Kurdistan universities’ scientific productivity.



The authors would like to thank the two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.


Noruzi, A. and Abdekhoda, M. (2014), "Scientometric analysis of Iraqi-Kurdistan universities’ scientific productivity", The Electronic Library, Vol. 32 No. 6, pp. 770-785.



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