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Employee engagement: exploring higher education non-tenure track faculty members’ perceptions

Brad J. Kovaleski (Penn State University, Scranton, Pennsylvania, USA)
Vishal Arghode (Department of Organisational Behaviour and Human Resources Management, Indian Institute of Management Nagpur, Nagpur, India)

European Journal of Training and Development

ISSN: 2046-9012

Article publication date: 11 December 2020



The purpose of this paper is to study employee engagement in higher education by examining full-time non-tenure track faculty members’ perceptions at a North East US state public university.


The authors used semi-structured face-to-face personal interviews with 11 non-tenure track full-time university faculty. Using a phenomenological approach, thematic analysis was conducted for employee interview data. The data was further refined through first and second cycle coding. The primary eight coded clusters were further reduced to three data clusters, each representing an evolving unit of meaning.


The analysis revealed three themes relating to how full-time non-tenure track faculty experience and understand engagement: required institutional engagement, perceived necessary engagement and relational collegial engagement.


The study adds to the limited research available on non-tenure track faculty members within higher education organization and their perceptions of engagement.



Authors thank the reviewers and the EJTD publication team for their review and prompt support.


Kovaleski, B.J. and Arghode, V. (2020), "Employee engagement: exploring higher education non-tenure track faculty members’ perceptions", European Journal of Training and Development, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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