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Exploring technical vocational education and training systems in emerging markets: A case study on Ghana

Meera Alagaraja (Organizational Leadership & Learning, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA)
Nana Arthur-Mensah (University of Louisville, Department of Educational, Leadership Foundation and Human Resource, Louisville, Kentucky, USA)

European Journal of Training and Development

ISSN: 2046-9012

Article publication date: 8 November 2013




The purpose of this study was to explore trends and changes in technical vocational education and training (TVET) in emerging economies as a national human resource development (NHRD) approach and its practical applications using Ghana as an example.


A case study approach was used to develop an in-depth analysis of TVET practices in Ghana. The study utilizes a targeted review of literature, analysis of government documents and interviews with key informants as illustrative sources of evidence for developing the case study.


TVET has been identified as a major contributor to skills development in Ghana. Capitalizing on the potential of TVET requires addressing the challenges of increasing employer participation in TVET, improving TVET curriculum to enhance student ' s employability and reflect labor market needs. Additionally, informal TVET plays a major role in skills development therefore it is recognized as part of the TVET planning process.

Research limitations/implications

Data for this research were gathered from key informant interviews and archival records. Additional methods such as observations would further enhance this study. Further research of trends in Ghana to validate implications drawn from this research is recommended.

Practical implications

This research provides an overview for HRD professionals to understand the potential of TVET as an approach to human capital development within emerging markets. This is because developing comprehensive plans that address national and employer needs regarding talent acquisition, development and retention will re-emerge as a critical objective for TVET system as nations compete in the global market place.


This study provides a unique perspective of current TVET practices in Ghana and its implications for human resource development (HRD). Furthermore, it adds to the small but growing literature on HRD in Ghana and in the African context.



Alagaraja, M. and Arthur-Mensah, N. (2013), "Exploring technical vocational education and training systems in emerging markets: A case study on Ghana", European Journal of Training and Development, Vol. 37 No. 9, pp. 835-850.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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