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Hypermarket private-label products, brand strategies and spokesperson persuasion

Hsuan-Yi Chou (Institute of Marketing Communication, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan)
Tuan-Yu Wang (Institute of Marketing Communication, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan)

European Journal of Marketing

ISSN: 0309-0566

Article publication date: 10 April 2017




The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of brand strategies and spokesperson expertise on consumer responses to hypermarket private-label products by combining concepts from consumer attitude change, resistance to persuasion and construal level theory (CLT).


Two experiments were conducted to test the propositions.


Consumers perceived the low-price (low-quality) characteristic of private-label products as a high-level (low-level) construal consideration when forming purchase decisions. Product relevance negatively affected consumers’ perceived product distance. Compared with store brands, separate brands enhanced consumer product attitudes and purchase intentions. Brand strategies and product distance affected consumer message-processing mindset (i.e. resistant to persuasion or open to persuasion) when processing advertisements, ultimately moderating the effect of spokesperson expertise.

Practical implications

The findings are useful for hypermarkets seeking to implement brand strategies and select spokespersons for private-label products. Additionally, the findings show that advertisers should design advertising elements to match consumers’ construal approaches to product-related information.


This study contrasts two common hypermarket brand strategies, identifies the construal levels corresponding to the dual roles of private-label products and expands CLT dimensions. Additionally, the results bridge two research approaches (persuasion and resistance to persuasion) and demonstrate the pivotal influence of brand strategies. The findings also advance understanding of the effects of spokesperson expertise and contribute to resistance theory by showing how to effectively reduce attitude certainty after resistance to persuasion.



Chou, H.-Y. and Wang, T.-Y. (2017), "Hypermarket private-label products, brand strategies and spokesperson persuasion", European Journal of Marketing, Vol. 51 No. 4, pp. 795-820.



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