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The power of balance: interplay effects of exploitative leadership style, work–family balance and family-friendly workplace practices on innovation implementation

Grazia Garlatti Costa (DEAMS, Università degli Studi di Trieste, Trieste, Italy)
Darija Aleksić (School of Economics and Business, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia)
Guido Bortoluzzi (DEAMS, Università degli Studi di Trieste, Trieste, Italy)

European Journal of Innovation Management

ISSN: 1460-1060

Article publication date: 30 April 2021

527

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the inverted U-shaped relationship that exists between exploitative leadership styles and innovation implementation. In addition, drawing on the social cognitive theory, the paper explores the effect of the three-way interaction between exploitative leadership style (ELS), work–family balance (WFB) and family-friendly workplace practices (FFWPs) on innovation implementation.

Design/methodology/approach

A quantitative study of 440 employees from 38 medium and large companies based in Italy and Croatia was conducted, using an online survey. The proposed hypotheses were tested using hierarchical regression analysis.

Findings

The results show that there is an inverted U-shaped curvilinear relationship between ELS and innovation implementation. Furthermore, the findings support the existence of the three-way interaction suggesting that the combination of high-level WFB and high-level FFWPs strengthens the relationship between ELS² and innovation implementation.

Originality/value

This is the first contribution that examines a curvilinear relationship between ELS and innovation implementation. Additionally, it contributes to the work–family literature by providing the first empirical examination of the joint impact of WFB and FFWPs in enhancing innovation implementation. Our results suggest that individuals who perceive a high level of WFB and who work in an organization with family-friendly practices are more accepting of an exploitative leader, and that the positive feelings from the family domain encourage the implementation of innovation. These results may change the attitudes of managers, encouraging them to consider WFB and FFWPs as important for the implementation of innovation.

Keywords

Citation

Garlatti Costa, G., Aleksić, D. and Bortoluzzi, G. (2021), "The power of balance: interplay effects of exploitative leadership style, work–family balance and family-friendly workplace practices on innovation implementation", European Journal of Innovation Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJIM-12-2020-0488

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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