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Libraries on the frontlines: neutrality and social justice

Amelia N. Gibson (School of Library and Information Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA)
Renate L. Chancellor (Department of Library and Information Science, Catholic University of America, Washington, District of Columbia, USA)
Nicole A. Cooke (School of Information Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign, Illinois, USA)
Sarah Park Dahlen (Master of Library and Information Science Program, St Catherine University, St Paul, Minnesota, USA)
Shari A. Lee (Division of Library and Information Science, St John’s University, Queens, New York, USA)
Yasmeen L. Shorish (Research & Educational Services, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Virginia, USA)

Equality, Diversity and Inclusion

ISSN: 2040-7149

Article publication date: 20 November 2017

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine libraries’ responsibility to engage with and support communities of color as they challenge systemic racism, engage in the political process, and exercise their right to free speech. Many libraries have ignored the Black Lives Matter (BLM) movement, citing the need to maintain neutrality. Despite extensive scholarship questioning the validity of this concept, the framing of library neutrality as nonpartisanship continues. This paper examines librarianship’s engagement with, and disengagement from black communities through the lens of the BLM movement. It also explores the implications of education, engagement, and activism for people of color and libraries today.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors have engaged the topic from a critical race perspective as a practice in exercising voice – telling stories, presenting counterstories, and practicing advocacy (Ladson-Billings, 1998).

Findings

The assertion that libraries have been socially and politically neutral organizations is ahistorical. When libraries decide not to address issues relevant to people of color, they are not embodying neutrality; they are actively electing not to support the information and service needs of a service population. In order for libraries to live up to their core values, they must engage actively with communities, especially when those communities are in crisis.

Originality/value

As a service field, librarianship has an ethos, values, and history that parallel those of many other service fields. This paper has implications for developing understanding of questions about equitable service provision.

Keywords

Citation

Gibson, A.N., Chancellor, R.L., Cooke, N.A., Park Dahlen, S., Lee, S.A. and Shorish, Y.L. (2017), "Libraries on the frontlines: neutrality and social justice", Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, Vol. 36 No. 8, pp. 751-766. https://doi.org/10.1108/EDI-11-2016-0100

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited