The purpose of this paper is to develop a multi-agent-based model for quantitatively measuring how the design change management strategies improve project performance.
Based on questionnaires and interviews, this paper investigates the coordination mechanism of risks due to design changes in prefabricated construction (PC) projects. Combined with all the variables related with design change risks, a multi-agent-based simulation model is proposed to evaluate the design change management effect.
The coordination mechanism between design change factors, design change events, risk consequence and management strategy in PC projects is described and then the simulation-based design change management mechanism in PC projects is used to assess the effect of management strategies under dynamic scenarios.
PC projects have rapidly increased in recent years due to the advantages of fast construction, high quality and labor savings. Different from traditional on-site construction, the impact and risk from design changes are likely to be greater due to the prefabricated project being multi-stage, highly interactive and complex. The simulations presented in this paper make it possible to test different design change management strategies in order to study their effectiveness and support managerial decision making.
This work is supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 71701121, and the Chinese Ministry of Education of Humanities and Social Science Project under Grant 17YJC630021.
Du, J., Jing, H., Castro-Lacouture, D. and Sugumaran, V. (2019), "Multi-agent simulation for managing design changes in prefabricated construction projects", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 27 No. 1, pp. 270-295. https://doi.org/10.1108/ECAM-11-2018-0524
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