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A conceptual framework of ITSMCA for a building collapse accident

Xiaoli Yan (Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai, China)
Young-Chan Kim (Innovative Durable Building and Infrastructure Research Center, Hanyang University – Ansan Campus, Ansan, The Republic of Korea)

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management

ISSN: 0969-9988

Article publication date: 25 July 2018

Issue publication date: 25 July 2018



The purpose of this paper is to timely control of a construction collapse accident effectively during its development process by constructing a stage model and then aligning IT with each stage to help provide the information for decision making.


Through comprehensive literature review, this paper first identifies the various IT applications in on-site construction monitoring and analyzes the existed disaster/crisis stage models, also the stage models are compared with the causation models to illustrate the strengths. Then, a three-step methodology was conducted to develop and apply the conceptual framework, including the construction of the four-stage model; the establishment of the conceptual framework of information technology (IT) support for management of construction accidents (ITSMCA); and a building collapse accident used to illustrate the proposed framework.


The accident is divided into four stages, which are incubation stage, outbreak stage, spreading stage and final stage. The real-time staged information to support decision making, such as the contributing factors of on-site workers, materials, equipment and workplace, can be provided by emerging IT. Therefore, IT is aligned with the variations of contributing factors’ attributes in the four stages and ITSMCA is constructed to help accidents management.

Research limitations/implications

The focus of the framework presented in this paper is that the stage model is effective for it catches the variations of the attributes whose values can be provided by IT rather than research on the practical application of the IT system. The construction and application of the IT system will be the research focus in the future.


This paper presents a stage model of a building collapse accident and gives a comprehensive conceptual framework of ITSMCA, which align the IT with different stages of the collapse accident. The ITSMCA proposes a feasible ideology and practical method for real-time management of the collapse accident during the process.



The authors would like to show our sincere gratitude for Professor SangHyun Lee in University of Michigan (Ann Arbor) who provided deep insights, ideas and suggestions for this paper. The authors thank the Funding 17692105700 from Shanghai Science and Technology Committee. The authors also would like to express our special thanks to anonymous referees for constructive comments on earlier version of this paper.


Yan, X. and Kim, Y.-C. (2018), "A conceptual framework of ITSMCA for a building collapse accident", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 25 No. 6, pp. 721-737.



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