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Factors-driven comparison between BIM-based and traditional 2D quantity takeoff in construction cost estimation

Abdul Wahab (Richard A. Rula School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Mississippi State University, Starkville, Mississippi, USA)
Jun Wang (Richard A. Rula School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Mississippi State University, Starkville, Mississippi, USA)

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management

ISSN: 0969-9988

Article publication date: 16 March 2021

Issue publication date: 8 March 2022

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Abstract

Purpose

Quantity Takeoff (QTO) is an integral part of the decision-making process. Currently, QTO is mostly done using manual or 2D method, and practitioners are considering the use of BIM quantity takeoff as an effective alternative to the traditional 2D software takeoff. However, the existing literature does not have adequate studies to confirm that the use of BIM-based QTO is better than the 2D method. Therefore, this paper aims to expand and improve the existing literature into a more detailed analysis of each element to investigate that BIM is indeed a better option of the two QTO methods.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 19 factors in four broad categories, i.e. timely decision making, accuracy, collaboration, and level of details were identified to draw a significant comparison between the two procedures, i.e. BIM-based quantity takeoff and traditional 2D takeoff. Surveys and case study are used to collect data for analysis to achieve the research goals.

Findings

The questionnaire survey showed that using BIM for the QTO process has significant benefits in achieving higher productivity on takeoff, accuracy, clarity and collaboration among the team members. The case study results also showed improvement in BIM-based QTO by achieving higher accuracy and productivity.

Originality/value

Understanding the difference between the two QTO processes is a challenging task; therefore, this paper contributes to drawing a comparison line between the two processes by introducing the factors that affect the QTO process.

Keywords

Citation

Wahab, A. and Wang, J. (2022), "Factors-driven comparison between BIM-based and traditional 2D quantity takeoff in construction cost estimation", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 29 No. 2, pp. 702-715. https://doi.org/10.1108/ECAM-10-2020-0823

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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