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Building information modelling (BIM) and the CDM regulations interoperability framework

Dingayo Mzyece (Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK)
Issaka E. Ndekugri (University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, UK)
Nii A. Ankrah (School of Engineering and Applied Science, Aston University, Birmingham, UK) (School of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, UK)

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management

ISSN: 0969-9988

Article publication date: 27 June 2019

Issue publication date: 5 November 2019




Building information modelling (BIM) has received wide coverage within the research, academic and industry communities over the last decade. Yet, its degree of integration with various industry standards in the architecture, engineering and construction sector varies extensively. An exploratory research approach explores the interoperability between the construction design and management (CDM) regulations and BIM. The paper aims to discuss this issue.


The research design comprised: a methodical “state-of-the-art” review of extant literature – exploring some 19 variables emerging from the literature review; detailed content analyses of the current CDM regime (CDM 2015); and conducting a “test” to map and determine the degree of interoperability between BIM and CDM. The study develops several meta-matrices and a framework for BIM and CDM interoperability.


New insight reveals that BIM provides a systematic approach for the discharge of CDM obligations. The framework developed is easily transferable into BIM common data environments (CDEs) and offers an expeditious discharge of CDM obligations.

Research limitations/implications

Some features of the developed BIM/CDM interoperability framework invite further tests to predicate the degree of discharge of CDM obligations. Duties related to provision of pre-construction information invite further research.


Little research provides insight into the interoperability of BIM and the CDM regulations. Therefore, this study contributes to the knowledge relating to the degree of interoperability of BIM in construction systems, processes and standards.



Mzyece, D., Ndekugri, I.E. and Ankrah, N.A. (2019), "Building information modelling (BIM) and the CDM regulations interoperability framework", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 26 No. 11, pp. 2682-2704.



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