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Building information modelling for facility management: are we there yet?

Ruwini Edirisinghe (School of Property, Construction and Project Management, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia)
Kerry Anne London (Department of Education Arts and Social Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia)
Pushpitha Kalutara (Faculty of Science Engineering and Built Environment, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia)
Guillermo Aranda-Mena (School of Property, Construction and Project Management, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia)

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management

ISSN: 0969-9988

Article publication date: 20 November 2017




Building information modelling (BIM) is increasingly being adopted during construction projects. Design and construction practices are adjusting to the new system. BIM is intended to support the entire project life-cycle: the design and construction phases, and also facility management (FM). However, BIM-enabled FM remains in its infancy and has not yet reached its full potential. The purpose of this paper is to identify major aspects of BIM in order to derive a fully BIM-enabled FM process.


In total, 207 papers were classified into main and subordinate research areas for quantitative analysis. These findings were then used to conceptualise a BIM-enabled FM framework grounded by innovation diffusion theory for adoption, and for determining the path of future research.


Through an extensive literature review, the paper summarises many benefits and challenges. Major aspects of BIM are identified in order to describe a BIM-enabled FM implementation process grounded by innovation diffusion theory. The major research areas of the proposed framework include: planning and guidelines; value realisation; internal leadership and knowledge; procurement; FM; specific application areas; data capture techniques; data integration; knowledge management; and legal and policy impact. Each element is detailed and is supported by literature. Finally, gaps are highlighted for investigation in future research.


This paper systematically classifies and evaluates the existing research, thus contributing to the achievement of the ultimate vision of BIM-enabled FM. The proposed framework informs facility managers, and the BIM-enabled FM implementation process. Further, the holistic survey identifies gaps in the body of knowledge, revealing avenues for future research.



Edirisinghe, R., London, K.A., Kalutara, P. and Aranda-Mena, G. (2017), "Building information modelling for facility management: are we there yet?", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 24 No. 6, pp. 1119-1154.



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