The learning ability on critical bargaining information contributes to accelerating construction claim negotiations in the win-win situation. The purpose of this paper is to study how to apply Zeuthen strategy and Bayesian learning to simulate the dynamic bargaining process of claim negotiations with the consideration of discount factor and risk attitude.
The authors first adopted certainty equivalent method and curve fitting to build a party’s own curve utility function. Taking the opponent’s bottom line as the learning goal, the authors introduced Bayesian learning to refine former predicted linear utility function of the opponent according to every new counteroffer. Both parties’ utility functions were revised by taking discount factors into consideration. Accordingly, the authors developed a bilateral learning model in construction claim negotiations based on Zeuthen strategy.
The consistency of Zeuthen strategy and the Nash bargaining solution model guarantees the effectiveness of the bilateral learning model. Moreover, the illustrative example verifies the feasibility of this model.
As the authors developed the bilateral learning model by mathematical deduction, scholars are expected to collect empirical cases and compare actual solutions and model solutions in order to modify the model in future studies.
Negotiators could refer to this model to make offers dynamically, which is favorable for the parties to reach an agreement quickly and to avoid the escalation of claims into disputes.
The proposed model provides a supplement to the existing studies on dynamic construction claim negotiations.
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (General Program, Project No. 71172147, and Key Program, Project No. 71231006).
Lu, W., Zhang, L. and Bai, F. (2016), "Bilateral learning model in construction claim negotiations", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 23 No. 4, pp. 448-463. https://doi.org/10.1108/ECAM-04-2014-0062Download as .RIS
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