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Theoretical review on critical risk factors in oil and gas construction projects in Yemen

Mukhtar A Kassem (Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Department of Civil Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia)
Muhamad Azry Khoiry (Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Department of Civil Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia)
Noraini Hamzah (Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Department of Civil Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia)

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management

ISSN: 0969-9988

Article publication date: 30 July 2020

Issue publication date: 28 April 2021

Abstract

Purpose

The oil and gas construction projects are affected negatively by the drop in oil price in recent years. Thus, most engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) companies are opting to optimize the project mainly to mitigate the source of risks in construction to achieve the project expectation. Risk factors cause a threat to the project objectives regarding time, cost and quality. It is additionally a vital component in deviating from the client's expectation of productivity, safety and standards. This research aims to investigate the causes of risk in the oil and gas construction projects in Yemen.

Design/methodology/approach

A comprehensive literature review from various sources including books, conference proceedings, the Internet project management journals and oil and gas industry journals was conducted to achieve the objectives of this study. This initial work was predicated strictly on a literature review and the judgments of experts to develop the risk factor framework for the oil and gas construction projects in Yemen.

Findings

The authors found a few studies related to risk factors in oil and gas construction projects and shared a similar view about general construction projects. However, only a fraction of the factors accepted have included the variances of other studies on a regional basis or specific countries, such as the Yemen situation, due to the differences between the general construction industry and oil and gas industry. Moreover, the factors of these attributes were still accepted due to their applicability to the oil and gas industry, and no significant variances existed between countries. Research has indicated that 51 critical factors cause risks in the oil and gas construction projects in Yemen. Such risk factors can be divided into two major groups: (1) internal risk factors, including seven critical sources of risks, namely client, contractor, consultant, feasibility study and design, tendering and contract, resources and material supply and project management; and (2) external risk factors, including six sources of critical risk factors, namely national economic, political risk, local people, environment and safety, security risk and force-majeure-related risk factors. A risk factor framework was developed to identify the critical risk factors in the oil and gas construction projects in Yemen.

Research limitations/implications

This research was limited to the oil and gas construction projects.

Practical implications

Practically, this study highlights the risk factors that cause a negative effect on the success of oil and gas construction projects in Yemen. The identification of these factors is the first step in the risk management process to develop strategic responses for risks and enhance the chances of project success.

Social implications

The identification of risks factors that cause the failure of construction projects helps develop response strategies for these risks, thereby increasing the chances of project success reflected in the oil and gas sector, which is a main tributary of the national economy in developing countries.

Originality/value

This research is the pioneer for future investigations into this vital economic sector. Given the lack of resources and studies in the field of construction projects for the Yemeni oil and gas sector, the Yemeni government, oil companies and researchers in this field are expected to benefit from the results of this study. The critical risk factors specific to the oil and gas construction projects in Yemen should be further investigated with focus only on Yemen and its oil and gas industry players.

Keywords

Citation

A Kassem, M., Khoiry, M.A. and Hamzah, N. (2021), "Theoretical review on critical risk factors in oil and gas construction projects in Yemen", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 28 No. 4, pp. 934-968. https://doi.org/10.1108/ECAM-03-2019-0123

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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