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Organizational culture of the Croatian construction industry

Ivana Sandrk Nukic (Department for Organization, Technology and Management, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Osijek, Croatia)
Martina Huemann (Department of Strategy and Innovation, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria)

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management

ISSN: 0969-9988

Article publication date: 21 March 2016




As a transitional country and the newest EU Member State, Croatia is facing a more turbulent business environment, which imposes a need for change of companies seeking to achieve a competitive advantage. Being a labour-intensive business, adaptation of construction companies’ strategy strongly depends on the underlying values of their employees. The purpose of this paper is to determine cultural profiles within the construction industry in Croatia.


The research has been conducted using inferential analysis based on primary and secondary data sources. After an extensive literature review, the empirical research was conducted based on a national sample. In all, 108 managers working in construction companies were surveyed using the Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument. Reliability of variables was tested by calculating Cronbach α reliability coefficients. Differences among identified mean scores were examined by ANOVA analysis.


The results were analysed in respect of the size, core business, regional orientation and ownership of the respondents’ employing companies. The findings show that, on average, construction companies in Croatia currently function with domination of the hierarchy type of organizational culture, which insufficiently responds to the increasingly competitive environment. Additionally, the study identified the clan as the preferred culture type in Croatian construction companies.


The paper offers insights into the organizational culture of Croatian construction companies, which has not been studied before. The value of the paper is the novelty of findings regarding existing and preferred cultural profiles, which have the potential to improve team cohesiveness, team leading, communication among the main stakeholders and efficiency of performance in this transitional country’s construction industry.



Sandrk Nukic, I. and Huemann, M. (2016), "Organizational culture of the Croatian construction industry", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 23 No. 2, pp. 237-260.



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