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Investigating the barriers to building information modeling (BIM) implementation within the Nigerian construction industry

Oludolapo Ibrahim Olanrewaju (Dollahills Research Lab, Dollasoft Technologies, Lagos, Nigeria)
Nicholas Chileshe (University of South Australia, UniSA STEM, Scarce Resources and Circular Economy (ScaRCE), Adelaide, Australia)
Sunday Ajiboye Babarinde (Dollahills Research Lab, Dollasoft Technologies, Lagos, Nigeria)
Malindu Sandanayake (Department of Building, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia)

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management

ISSN: 0969-9988

Article publication date: 15 May 2020

Issue publication date: 20 October 2020




The purpose of this paper is to identify and assess the perceptions of constructional professionals on barriers to implementation of building information modeling (BIM) within the Nigerian construction industry.


A scoping literature review was conducted to identify the fourteen barriers to implementation of BIM, which were employed to design a questionnaire survey. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, mean score, Kruskal–Wallis test, analysis of variance and multivariate techniques such as factor analysis.


The descriptive and empirical analysis demonstrated a disparity of ranking of the 14 barriers factors among the groups; however no statistically significant differences among the 14 barriers to BIM. Based on the mean score ranking results, only three (out of 14) barriers are identified as critical (mean score greater than 3.5): few studies available on BIM and lack of knowledge, inexistence or inadequate government policies, and high cost of implementation. The results of the one-sample t-tests show that they were statistically significant differences in 10 out of 14 barriers as follows: few studies available on BIM and lack of knowledge, lack of demand for use and acceptance of BIM, inadequate contractual coordination, lack of specified standards, cost of data and information sharing, technological availability issues, reluctance of other stakeholders, business and cultural changes, data and intellectual property issues, and interoperability issues. The study, through factor analysis, categorized the fourteen barriers to BIM implementation into four principal factors. The factors are: technology and business-related barriers; training and people-related barriers; cost and standards-related barriers; and process and economic-related barriers.

Practical implications

The identification and assessment of the key barriers to BIM implementation would be useful for the construction professionals and other stakeholder of the construction industry with the view to advance BIM adoption in Nigeria. This could also be extended to other developing countries through considerations of the local economic conditions, given the status of BIM as being in the germinating stage of development in Africa.


The study provides insights on the barriers to BIM implementation across the Nigerian construction sector environments. The innovative aspect of the study is the identification of the ordered and grouped (composite) set of barriers to BIM which could be used to developing appropriate mitigating solutions.



Olanrewaju, O.I., Chileshe, N., Babarinde, S.A. and Sandanayake, M. (2020), "Investigating the barriers to building information modeling (BIM) implementation within the Nigerian construction industry", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 27 No. 10, pp. 2931-2958.



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Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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