Numerical simulation of fracture characteristics of jointed rock masses under blasting load

Chao Liu (College of Safety Science and Engineering, Xian University of Science and Technology, Xian, China)
Mingyang Yang (College of Safety Science and Engineering, Xian University of Science and Technology, Xian, China)
Haoyu Han (University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia)
Wenping Yue (Xijing University, Xian, China)

Engineering Computations

ISSN: 0264-4401

Publication date: 8 July 2019

Abstract

Purpose

To study fracture characteristics of jointed rock masses under blasting load, the RFPA2D analysis software for dynamic fracture of rocks based on the finite element method and statistical damage theory was used.

Design/methodology/approach

On this basis, this research simulated the fracture process of rock masses in blasting with different joint geometrical characteristics and mainly analysed the influences of distance from joints to blasting holes, the length of joints, the number of joints and joint angle on fracture of rock masses.

Findings

The calculation results show that with the constant increase of the distance from joints to blasting holes, the influences of joints on blasting effects of rock masses gradually reduced. Rock masses with long joints experienced more serious damages than those with short joints. Damages obviously increased with the changing from rock masses without joints to rock masses with joints, and when there were three joints, the further increase of the number of joints had unobvious changes on blasting effects of rock masses. Joints showed significant guidance effect on the propagation of cracks in blasting: promoting propagation of main vertical cracks deflecting to the ends of joints.

Originality/value

The research results are expected to provide some theoretical bases in practical application of engineering blasting.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Financial support for this work was provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 51674189 and no. 51874233) and the State Key Programme of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 51734007).

Citation

Liu, C., Yang, M., Han, H. and Yue, W. (2019), "Numerical simulation of fracture characteristics of jointed rock masses under blasting load", Engineering Computations, Vol. 36 No. 6, pp. 1835-1851. https://doi.org/10.1108/EC-09-2018-0404

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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